In the past years, American communities have grown in a sprawling, suburban form as a result of dependence upon the automobile as the sole means of transportation. As automobile use has increased, traditional forms of transportation have become less available and communities have been slow to offer alternatives such as bicycle and pedestrian networks, bus systems, and local rail service.
In order to provide relief from automobile congestion on the streets and highways in metro areas, future transportation planning and development must be concentrated on providing residents with choices in modes of travel. These choices should be appealing and should offer the same benefits currently provided by the automobile: efficiency, safety, comfort, reliability, and flexibility.
Valparaiso's greenway corridors will be designed to serve as extensions of road networks, offering realistic and viable connections between origins and destinations such as work, schools, libraries, parks, shopping areas, historical and cultural sites, and tourist attractions. Greenway-based bikeways and walkways are most effective for certain travel distances.
National surveys by the Federal Highway Administration have shown that Americans are willing to walk as far as two miles to a destination and bike as far as five miles. Destinations can be linked to multiple origins throughout the Valparaiso area with a combination of off-road trails and on-road bicycle and pedestrian facilities.